Deuterium is flammable and poses a threat of asphyxiation when inhaled, however, is still considered a non-toxic and stable gas. EFC’s culture of safety ensures that deuterium is always handled correctly, safely, and according to industry standards.
Formula: 2H, D2
What is Deuterium?
The name Deuterium is derived from the Greek deuteros, meaning “second”, to denote the two particles composing the nucleus. Deuterium was discovered and named in 1931 by Harold Urey.
Does Deuterium Occur Naturally?
Deuterium is produced for industrial use but does exist naturally. Nearly all deuterium found in nature was produced in the Big Bang 13.8 billion years ago, as the basic or primordial ratio of hydrogen-1 to deuterium (about 26 atoms of deuterium per million hydrogen atoms). This is the ratio found in gas giant planets, such as Jupiter.
- Used in nuclear power, fusion power, lasers and lighting.
- Used to prepare deuterated biological compounds, deuterated lubricants, deuterated optical fibers, and in electronics as a replacement for hydrogen in the annealing or sintering of silicon based semiconductors, flat panel displays, and solar panels
- Used in reaction rate studies and exchange reaction studies
|Grade 4.5||Grade 5.0|
|Nitrogen||< 5 ppmv||< 1 ppmv|
|Oxygen||< 1 ppmv||< 1 ppmv|
|Moisture / Deuterated Water||< 5 ppmv||< 1 ppmv|
|Carbon Dioxide||< 2 ppmv||< 1 ppmv|
|Carbon Monoxide||< 1 ppmv||< 1 ppmv|
|Deuterium Hydride||< 5000 ppmv||< 3000 ppmv|
|Hydrogen||< 150 ppmv||< 100 ppmv|
|Hydrocarbons||< 1 ppmv||< 1 ppmv|
|Tritium||< 0.002 uCi/L|
|Chemical & Physical Properties|
|Valve Outlet||CGA 350|
|DOT No.||UN 1957|
|DOT Label||Flammable gas|
|Cylinder Size||Fill Weight (L)|
FAQs about Deuterium
On Earth, deuterium exists in liquid form in ocean water. Dueterium is made in space. It is present on gas giant planets in our solar system and is present in comets. It is theorized that deuterium played a large role in the Big Bang.
**Moisture level guaranteed only when Electronic Fluorocarbons prepares the cylinders.
All concentrations are on a mol/mol basis unless otherwise stated.
Product sold on the basis of total impurities. Individual impurities may vary slightly.
*This gas not available for purchase online.